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About the Upper South Region

The Upper South covers West Virginia, western Virginia, Kentucky, north Tennessee, Arkansas, central Oklahoma and the southernmost parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. This region experiences four distinct seasons with spring weather starting in March followed by warmer weather in June. Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 87°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 94°F. Areas with higher altitudes have cooler weather. Rainfall averages 40-45 inches. The soil is acidic with a pH level below 6, though some areas in Oklahoma may have a higher pH level and alkaline soil. Specifically, most of the soil is slit loam, sandy loam or a combination of both.


Find your region using our regional map.