Get tips and learn how to prune avocado, plumeria and mango the proper way for healthy, lush trees. Pruning is essential to remove dead or diseased wood or to maintain tree size.
To get clean and even cuts when you prune avocado, plumeria and mango trees, remember to keep your pruning tools as sharp as possible so you can make clean and even cuts. Use rubbing alcohol after each limb cut, if possible, to prevent the spread of disease.
Find out tips and information below for pruning.
Tips for pruning avocado:
Avocados need very little pruning. For the best cuts, try using a lopper pruning tool. The Fiskars PowerGear2 lopper cuts through all types of stems and branches, including the thickest ones.
- Only prune your avocado tree to shape and control its size.
- Avoid over pruning and avoid it entirely when avocados begin producing fruit. Because avocados become less productive in temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, wait for cooler temperatures to avoid stressing the tree.
- Remove dead branches as needed. Cut just above wherever the leaf comes out.
Find out more about avocados, including tips and care.
Tips for Pruning Plumeria:
Tropical plumeria trees produce beautiful and fragrant flowers where they grow. In Hawaii, plumeria make beautiful leis. Plumeria can grow up to 30 feet in height so maintenance may be necessary with pruning. Use sharp pruning shears for small and medium size limbs. For branches more than 3 inches in diameter, try a pruning saw.
- Prune to maintain size in winter or early spring when not in bloom. Trim the top so it produces a fuller look on the sides.
- After blooming, you can trim branches to encourage more growth and for the health of your tree.
- Anytime, remove diseased and dead plumeria branches. Cut off at the location where you spot disease or dead branches. If you do not see oozing at the cut mark, you need to cut down until you do.
Tips for Pruning Mango:
Pruning mangos needs to be done with caution. Mangos contain the same irritant substance called urushiol that poison ivy, poison oak and sumac contain, and so it can cause contact dermatitis. When pruning mango trees, cover all exposed body parts, including wearing gloves.
Only prune trees less than 30 feet for safety reasons. If your mango tree is taller than 30 feet, call a licensed and insured arborist for the job. Also, mango trees do not need pruning every year.
- For pruning young mango trees, make the cut at 3 inches in the middle of a branch to encourage a strong scaffold. Make another cut when those new branches grow to about 20 inches long. Keep horizontal branches and cut vertical ones to motivate mangos to maintain their height.
- When mangos begin fruiting, focus only on maintenance pruning.
- Prune only after harvesting fruit. Note that any moderate pruning does not damage mangos, but will reduce fruit production for several seasons.
- Reduce width and height of your mango tree and shape it to no more than four main trunks.
- Focus on removing woody as well as tall, erect branches.
- Avoid pruning just before or when flowering from May to June.