April is one of the busiest months for gardeners. During cooler days early in the month, enjoy spring perennials and blooming shrubs like azaleas.
When the danger of frost is past, you can plant warm-weather edibles and annuals.
This is the best month for budget-minded gardeners: Be on the lookout for deals on bulk items like mulch and soil amendments and bedding plants to fill up containers and flower beds.
For your lawn, this is the month to spread crabgrass preventer in the North, and weed and feed products in the South.
Garden smarter, not harder, this year by selecting drought-tolerant plants suited for your climate. Look for tough-as-nails bloomers like Rio Dipladenia that can handle a little bit of neglect and still brighten your patio with blooms in pink, red and white.
April Gardening Calendar:
Plant vegGie and herb seedlings
Get outside and garden in April. The days are longer and the weather is warming up throughout the country. If your soil temperature is 60 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, you can plant seedlings like tomatoes and peppers.
Give those new seedlings a boost with a balanced, organic fertilizer and be sure to water regularly. Established vegetables will need an inch of water a week to thrive.
like squash, melon
Some crops prefer direct sowing. Cucumbers, pumpkins and beans grow quickly and will give you more than one crop in a season if you time the planting right.
Control weeds, save water with mulch
Be drought smart when you start your garden and protect your plants with a layer of mulch. This will hold in moisture and suppress weeds.
Find a sunny spot in your garden and plant herbs like parsley, oregano and rosemary. Be sure to leave room for basil, which cannot be planted until after the last expected frost date. Read more about Pacific Northwest regional gardening tips.
If your plants have a problem with downy mildew fungus, use a drip irrigation system or water by hand around the plants instead of using a sprinkler. Read more about North California Coastal regional gardening tips.
Water smarter with an irrigation system. Aim to give your grass an inch of water each week, and watch it carefully the first time or two to ensure that you’re not losing valuable water to runoff. Read more about Southwestern Desert regional gardening tips.
Set out hardened-off seedlings of cabbage and broccoli a couple of weeks before the last frost date. When planting young seedlings, set them deeper than they were growing in the pot, so the soil level is just below the first set of leaves. Read more about Western Mountains regional gardening tips.
The threat of late freezes and snow makes gardening indoors a necessity. Continue to start seeds indoors and plan to transplant outside once soil temps reach 60 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. Read more about High Plains gardening tips.
Leave spring flowering bulbs’ foliage until it turns yellow or brown. This helps the bulbs regenerate. Read more about Northern Midwest regional gardening tips.
Turn garden beds as soon as the soil is workable and add compost. If you nourished the soil with compost in the fall, just use a garden fork or a hoe to break up the surface for planting. Read more about Central Midwest regional gardening tips.
Clean perennial beds by hand to avoid damaging emerging shoots. Then apply a balanced, organic fertilizer over the old mulch and top dress with fresh mulch. Read more about New England regional gardening tips.
Add garden sulfur to the areas around hydrangeas to increase soil acidity. This can help change the color of mopheads to blue. Be sure to follow package directions. Read more about Upper South regional gardening tips.
Fertilize warm-season grasses like Bermuda and fescue. Use a spreader to apply the feed, and for quicker results, lightly water the granules into the lawn. Read more about Middle South regional gardening tips.
Roses need well-drained, organically enriched soil in a site with several hours of sunlight daily. Maintain a pruning, feeding and pest control schedule with roses. Feeding should be done monthly with a balanced fertilizer. Read more about Lower South regional gardening tips.
Encourage beneficial insects by growing select herbs and flowers in your veggie garden. Try catnip, caraway, dill, fennel, thyme, yarrow, daisies, coneflower, cosmos, marigold and zinnias. Read more about Coastal and Tropical South regional gardening tips.
CHECK OUT THE GARDENING YEAR AT A GLANCE: