Prepare Beds with Compost and Organic Soils

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A healthy garden begins with healthy soil. Adding compost enriches soil and plants and makes for a bountiful harvest of nutrient-rich vegetables and fruit. The best way to make your soil richer is to add compost at the beginning of each growing season.

Use only organic or compost labeled for vegetable garden use. Add 1-2” per hole when planting. If you are container gardening, use an organic soilless mix for vegetables.

When to Compost:

Add compost to vegetable beds as soon as the ground can be worked, or up to 2 weeks before planting. How can you tell if your soil is workable? Grab a handful and squeeze. It should crumble, not form a ball. Composted manure can be used in addition to or in place of compost.

How Much Compost to Use:

A good rule of thumb is to add 1” of compost to your veggie beds each year. But don’t worry, you can never add too much compost to your garden.

How much compost you will need? The following sizes cover the square footage at 1” deep:

  • 1 cubic foot bag                                                        Covers 12 sq. ft.
  • 1.5 cubic foot bag                                                     Covers 18 sq. ft.
  • 2 cubic foot bag                                                        Covers 26.5 sq. ft.
  • 3 cubic foot bag                                                        Covers 36.5 sq. ft.

How to “Dress” New or Empty Garden Beds with Compost Before Planting:

  1. Spread and work in compost on an existing veggie bed.
  2. If it’s a new bed or your soil is compact and hard, work the compost into the soil with a rake or cultivator before planting.

How to “Side Dress” Berry Bushes, Fruit Trees and Plants that Winter Over in the Garden:

  1. Gently shake a shovelful of compost around the “drip” area of a plant, or where rain or moisture naturally drip from the plant’s leaves.
  2. Dress it and leave it. There is no need to work your side dressing into the soil.

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