From leafy greens to cauliflower, it’s time to think about what to veggies to plant in your fall garden.
Cool-season veggies mean those that tolerate a light frost, thrive in short daylight hours, taste even better when grown in cooler temperatures and are best started as seedlings rather than sown directly in the ground.
Simply plug veggie seedlings into any open space in the late summer garden — they will benefit from the shade of summer crops while the weather is still hot — and watch them grow.
Once daytime temperatures are around 70 degrees Fahrenheit, cut summer crops back to the ground to let fall veggies receive full sun.
7 delicious Veggies to plant in Your Fall Garden:
1. Cauliflower and broccoli
These cool-season vegetables grow best in extended cool weather. Expect to harvest one large head of Early Green Sprouting broccoli or Snowball cauliflower 50 to 55 days after transplanting seedlings into the garden.
Cabbages are heavy feeders that require healthy soil and regular watering. Early varieties include ‘Stonehead,’ ‘Dakri’ and ‘Golden Acre.’ Plant seedlings six to eight weeks before the first frost. Cabbage matures in 70 to 95 days depending on variety.
Early varieties such as ‘China Rose’ and ‘Daikon’ grow quickly, so make sure to check regularly. Sow six weeks before the first frost. Harvest before the root is 1 inch in diameter. Radishes mature in 25 to 50 days depending on variety.
4. Brussels sprouts
Exposure to frost actually improves the flavor of Brussels sprouts. ‘Diablo’ and ‘Dimitri’ varieties are best for late-season gardening and take about three months for sprouts to appear. Harvest when firm and green. Brussels sprouts mature in 90 days.
Carrots are easy to grow and tolerate light frost. Fast-growing ‘Primo’ matures in about 60 days. If temperatures turn cold early, baby carrots can be harvested and enjoyed even if they’re not fully mature. Carrots mature in 60 to 80 days depending on variety.
6. Snow Peas
Appropriately named, snow peas grow best in cool temperatures. They like moist soil, so water regularly. Choose seedlings of early varieties such as ‘Short N’ Sweet’ or ‘Dwarf White Sugar.’ Harvest when the pods are a few inches long with peas that aren’t fully developed. Snow peas mature in 50 to 75 days depending on variety.
7. Lettuce, spinach and other leafy greens
Greens, fall’s hardiest vegetables, can be harvested in just over a month. Thin crowded plants and pick often. Most greens survive winter when covered and will return again in early spring. Try lettuce, kale, kohlrabi and collards.
You could also try spinach is one of fall’s hardiest vegetables. Varieties such as Virginia Savoy and Dixie Market can be harvested in just over a month. Thin crowded plants and pick often. Most greens survive winter when covered and will return again in early spring.